String is immutable ( once created can not be changed )object . The object created as a String is stored in the Constant String Pool .
Every immutable object in Java is thread safe ,that implies String is also thread safe . String can not be used by two threads simultaneously.
String once assigned can not be changed.
String demo = ” hello ” ;
// The above object is stored in constant string pool and its value can not be modified.
StringBuffer is mutable means one can change the value of the object . The object created through StringBuffer is stored in the heap . StringBuffer has the same methods as the StringBuilder , but each method in StringBuffer is synchronized that is StringBuffer is thread safe .
Due to this it does not allow two threads to simultaneously access the same method . Each method can be accessed by one thread at a time .
But being thread safe has disadvantages too as the performance of the StringBuffer hits due to thread safe property . Thus StringBuilder is faster than the StringBuffer when calling the same methods of each class.
StringBuffer value can be changed.
String Buffer can be converted to the string by using toString() method.
StringBuffer demo1 = new StringBuffer(“Hello”) ;
// The above object stored in heap and its value can be changed .
// Above statement is right as it modifies the value which is allowed in the StringBuffer
StringBuilder is same as the StringBuffer , that is it stores the object in heap and it can also be modified . The main difference between the StringBuffer and StringBuilder is that StringBuilder is also not thread safe.
StringBuilder is fast as it is not thread safe .
StringBuilder demo2= new StringBuilder(“Hello”);
// The above object too is stored in the heap and its value can be modified
// Above statement is right as it modifies the value which is allowed in the StringBuilder
In Summary, following are notable difference between StringBuffer and StringBuilder:
1) StringBuilder is non synchronized version of StringBuffer class. Methods in StringBuilder e.g. all overloaded version of append() method is not synchronized.
2) StringBuilder is definitely faster than StringBuffer because of no overhead of acquiring and releasing locks associated with synchronized methods.
3) StringBuffer is thread-safe and StringBuilder is not. You can not share Instances of StringBuilder class between multiple threads. If such synchronization is required then it is better to use StringBuffer class.
4) StringBuffer is old class, its there in JDK from very first release, while StringBuilder is relatively newer class, introduced much later in release of JDK 1.5